If you’re involved in a car crash, one of the things you may be affected by is a brain injury. There are various kinds of brain injuries that can result from the impact of a crash. Some common forms include:

  • Contusions
    • Contusions are bruises on the brain. Some may require surgery.
  • Concussions
    • This happens when the brain suffers trauma in an impact.
  • Coup-contrecoup
    • Coup-contrecoup injuries happen when contusions affect both the side of the brain that was impacted as well as the opposite side.
  • Diffuse axonal
    • Diffuse axonal injuries are caused by the sudden rotation of the head, which leads to tearing of the brain structure.
  • Penetration
    • When an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain, this is a penetration injury.

Any of these injuries can lead to serious or life-threatening brain damage, which is why it’s so important to seek emergency medical care after bring involved in a collision.

How do you know if you have a brain injury?

It may not be easy to tell if you have a brain injury after a crash, but there are some symptoms that will begin to emerge as the brain swells or is compressed. Some symptoms may include:

  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Numbness of the extremities
  • Dilated/uneven pupils
  • Confusion
  • Headaches
  • Trouble thinking normally
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Sound or light sensitivity

An evaluation after a car crash is essential to making sure you get the care that you need right away. Early treatment may help you recovery progress more smoothly and prevent secondary complications that could lead to disabilities or death. After a crash, the party who caused the collision may be held liable for these and other injuries that you’ve suffered.