Traumatic brain injuries – known as TBIs – are one to the most severe and debilitating injuries car crash victims may face. Their effects have the potential to last a lifetime or even cause death. The force of the collision, the many hard surfaces in the interior of an automobile and the potential for objects to penetrate the skull make head and brain injuries common. Even deploying airbags have been known to cause brain injuries.
What is a TBI?
A TBI is any number of brain injuries caused by “a blow or jolt to the head” or by a foreign object entering the skull. While a mild brain injury made temporarily affect brain cells and interrupt proper brain function, a serious TBI can cause bleeding, bruising and lasting damage to the brain.
Besides car accidents, TBIs can be caused by sports injuries, falls, violence, explosions and more. While TBIs are most common in those under 4, people aged between 15 and 24 and the elderly, they can happen to anyone.
By the numbers
Motor-vehicle accidents are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths among people aged 5 to 24, and the third leading cause of TBI deaths, emergency-room visits and hospitalizations among all age groups. In fact, TBIs contribute to about 30% of all U.S. injury deaths.
The symptoms of a TBI vary depending on the severity of the accident. According to the Mayo Clinic, some symptoms of mild TBIs include:
- Brief loss of consciousness
- Increased sleep or difficulty sleeping
- Loss of balance
- Blurred vision
- Light and sound sensitivity
- Memory loss
- Mood swings
- Depression and anxiety
The following symptoms are seen in people suffering from moderate to severe TBIs:
- Long loss of consciousness
- Dilation in one or both pupils
- Clear flood coming from the nose or ears
- Numbness or weakness in the extremities
- Slurred speech
Impact of TBIs
Because TBIs can be so serious, it is important to see a doctor whenever someone receives a head injury. The aftermath of a TBI can last years if not a lifetime and can affect mood, cognitive ability, physical ability and the ability to complete day-to-day tasks.
If you or a loved one experiences a brain injury, you may want to seek the advice of an experienced attorney. A TBI may change the way you’re able to live your life and you might be owed compensation for your distress.