Truckers must ensure their cargo is properly secured before heading out on their trip. Failure to properly secure cargo puts all other drivers at risk, especially if an accident occurs. There are actually a few different methods of securing cargo, as explained by Purdue University.
Web straps are a common method of securing all types of cargo. In general, wider straps offer a greater advantage when it comes to load-bearing capacity. They're also quite versatile. For instance, they can be used to keep pallets in place, but are also useful for individual items, including things like heavy equipment. One major downside of web straps is their ability to be sheared away over time. This usually occurs when the cargo they're securing has rough or jagged edges.
In this case, chains might be a better option for keeping items in place. Chains are extremely durable and come in a wide range of strengths. The grade of a chain indicates its strength. Grade 30 is on the low end and is useful for general purposes. Grade 70 is considered transportation strength. Despite their ruggedness, Grade 70 chains are lightweight. This is good for securing cargo, as heavier grades are harder to work with. Grade 80 and 100 are typically used for lifting heavy items.
Cables, which are also referred to as wire ropes, can also be used for securing cargo. They are composed of multiple strands of individual wires, which are wound together in various bundles. The fewer wires within a bundle, the less likely the rope is to be crushed or abraded. Conversely, the more wires, the easier the rope can flex along with cargo. Cables are considered a great option since they are durable and easy to work with. They're also less expensive than other systems, which makes them attractive to trucking companies.