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What is a traumatic brain injury?

| Jan 20, 2019 | Workers' Compensation |

Many workers throughout Alabama risk their lives on a daily basis. Suffering from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is just one possible consequence of a workplace injury, which can have short and long-term consequences. The Mayo Clinic offers the following information on TBI, including common causes and treatments.

TBI results from a serious injury to the head, which can involve blunt force or a penetrating wound. While causes vary quite a bit, head injuries commonly result from car accidents, which poses a risk to people who drive for a living. They also happen due to falls, which can happen at home or at work, especially when a worker spends a lot of time climbing ladders. Other causes include injuries that occur while playing sports and those related to a violent attack.

While TBI can be mild, in more serious cases the risk of complications is increased. For some people, consciousness can be altered to the point of a coma or vegetative state. A person may also experience seizures and headaches or may have problems with vision, lose their sense of smell, or suffer from hearing loss. There are also cognitive and emotional consequences. A person with TBI may experience mood swings, have trouble remembering things, or even have a drastic change of personality.

In terms of treatment, mild TBI usually resolves on its own with a bit of rest. In more severe cases, a person’s recovery may be aided by medications, such as those that prevent seizures, or surgeries to remove blood clots from the brain. Rehabilitation and physical therapy may also be recommended. If a person loses vital functions, he or she will need to relearn basic activities like walking and speaking. In some cases, a complete recovery may not be possible. 

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